It will be seen that this seal is a miniature representation of one of the
sides of the large matrix seal of 1589, with part of the same legend,


That is, "Seal of the citizens of Dunfermline," or "City of Dunfermline,"
the "Esto Rupes," &c., on the matrix seal being omitted on the small one.
(See An. Dunf. date 1589.)

KING'S BIRTH-DAY AND BONFIRES. - "29th May: The Solemntie of the King's day
being to be keped, and falling on the nixt Sabbath, being the lord's day,
appoints only two fyrs to be put on at the toun end." (Burgh Records, 23rd
May, 1670.)  The town's end refers to the locality of the East Port.  The
town's end is noticed in Henryson's Poems, circa 1490-1500.

COVENTICLE MEETING ON HILL-OF-BEATH. - In the middle of June, 1670, a
conventicle, or field meeting, was held on the Hill-of-Beath, four miles
north-east of Dunfermline.  The preacher was the celebrated and pious Mr.
John Blackadder, the ejected minister of Troqueer, which produced a
profound sensation in the parish; great numbers assembled from places 12 to
20 miles around.  About 2000 are supposed to have been present at "the
gathering."  Shortly after public worship had begun, on the Lord's day,
some officers of militia rode up, as if to disturb and disperse them.
These officers were promptly met by the men on watch, armed for
self-defence.  The prudent interference of Mr. Blackadder prevented an
"outbreak," and worship under the canopy of heaven was continued without
further molestation.  There was a remarkable manifestation of spiritual
influence in the sacred services of that day, long held in remembrance.

The news of "this horrid insult," as the treatment of these military
officers was called, having reached Edinburgh, Archbishop Sharp caused a
rigorous inquiry to be made as to who were there; so that many country
gentlemen who were at the meeting were put to much trouble and expense in
consequence.  Among others, Robert Wellwood of Touch, one mile and a half
east of Dunfermline, confessed before the constituted Council that he had
been present, and was fined in 500 merks (27 15s. 6d. sterling), and
ordered to lie in prison till he paid it, and to engage in a bond of 2000
merks to frequent no more such meetings.  This was "the first armed
conventicle after the Restoration."  In one way, this Prelatic
"Persecution" between 1670 and 1688, was as bad as the Roman Catholic
"Persecution" between 1538 and 1559. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 278, and
Hist. Scot.)

THE AULD KIRK AND RUINS OF THE CHOIR, 1670. - The annexed view of the Auld
Kirk and Choir ruins is compiled from several old prints and drawings.
Shortly after this period (1672), "the aspect was changed by the fall of
part of the eastern wall of the Choir."  The point from which this view is
supposed to be taken is "the Friar's Yard," about 50 yards NNE. of St.
Margaret's Tomb.  The houses shown to the right of the steeple are the tall
constabulary houses, along with Queen Anne of Denmark's house.  The
"lantern tower" is partly taken from a representation of it on one of the
Abbey Seals of the latter end of the 15th century.  The tall windows of the
Choir are taken from a drawing of them, made in 1819, before they were
removed.  (See also Frontispiece View of "Extracts from Dunf. Kirk Session
Records," published by E. Henderson in 1865.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Peter Walker re-elected Provost. (Burgh Records.)

SIR HENRY WARDLAW and the Masterton-Seat in Dunfermline Kirk. - The
following minute, extracted from the Kirk Session Records of Dunfermline,
refers to the "Maistertoun-seat," and also to the great tomb of William
Shaw, "Master of the King's Wark," &c.:- "3 October (1670).  Qhlk day, Mr
William Peirson, minister, in name, and at the desire of the ryt honoll Sr
henrie Wardlaw of Pitreavie, preponed to the elders and Kirk Session being
yr convened wt him, that the rowme or dask in the ye kirk whch perainth to
Robert Kellok portioner of maistertoun, situate on the north side wall of
the kirk beside the north eist dore yrof, betwixt Sr William Shaw's tomb on
ye west, and jon potters wyfes seat on the east, should be approprate an
belong to the said Sr henrie wardlaw of pitreavie and his heirseftir, in
respect yt he hes bought the lands of mrtoun whch belonged to the said
Rot." &c.

The grand old tomb of "the Master of the King's Wark" stood against the
north wall of the "Auld Kirk," immediately behind where the pulpit stood.
(See An. Dunf. date 1793.)

COALS. - "10th Oct. 1670.  This day the provest baillies and counsall being
informed yt the Earls of Dunfermline and Tweeddale wr satisfied the Coill
in the touns muire be wrought be the toun, and the yeirlie proffit to be
devydit equallie betwixt the said Earls and the toun: Thairfoir resolve to
agrie yranent, and the toun to deburse 200 lib. to be payed to ym again in
yr awin hand wth the proffit of the Coill."  (Burgh Records.)  This appears
to be the first notice of "the touns coill" in the Burgh Records.

1671. - SIR CHARLES HALKET, Knight, of Pitfirrane, was, by Charles II.,
created a Baronet of the United Kingdom, on January 25th, 1671.

LORD KEEPER OF THE PRIVY SEAL. - Charles, Earl of Dunfermline, chosen to
fill that office. (Sib. Hist. of Fife, p. 262.)

COLLIERS' WAGES. - May 20th, 1671: "This day report, is maid yt the men yt
work mining the coall ar agried as follows, Robt hogan to have 10s, thomas
ffalconer and Jon Drummond 8s, and the rest each 6s per diem, and David
thomsone being principle workman is referred for his work and pains till
afterwards."  (Burgh Rec.)  This is the first notice of colliers' wages in
the Burgh Records.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Peter Walker re-elected Provost. (Burgh Records.)

1672. - FIRE AT CUPAR - Contribution. - In the Kirk Ses. Records, it is
noted that, on Feb. 27, 1672, the Session appointed to "intimate a collect"
the next Sabbath to be collectit the Sabbath yraftir, for the toun of
Coupar qhrn many hous's were brunt, wh wes done."  "March 17th. - Collected
by the collectors for the toun of Cupar, 20lib. or yrby."

HOUSE OF CORRECTION ordered to be built in Dunfermline for the reception of
"idle beggars and vagabonds."  (Murray's Laws and Acts of Parl.)

POOR "SCHOLLARS." - "14th March. Report is made be adam anderson, that he
and the rest of the collectors had collectit 18 lib. or yrby for the poore
schollars, the roll of thaim are appointed to be brought in." (Dunf. Kirk
Ses. Rec.)

ROLL OF POOR SCHOLARS. - Payment of Teachers. - In the same Record, it is
notified on 25th June, that "all on the roll of the poor schollers being
brot in, the money collectit for ym was distribute in peying of yr quartrs
to yr teachers."

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Peter Walker re-elected Provost.  (Burgh Rec.)

THE WALLS OF THE ABBEY CHOIR. - "The eastern part of the walls of the Choir
and Ladye Chapel, which had long been in a dilapidated state, fell at the
end of the year 1672, caused by a great wind." (MSS.)

1673. - DUNFERMLINE BURGH RECORDS. - The 5th volume of the Burgh Records
begins with the year 1673, and ends with the year 1687, from which we
obtain several entries.

ST. MARGARET. - Pope Clement X. in May, 1673, allowed the Festival of St.
Margaret, (the titular saint of Dunfermline) to be celebrated on the 10th
June annually.

MR. ALEX MONRO (afterwards Dr. Monro) admitted to the second charge of
Dunfermline Church, on 7th April, 1673.  The second charge had been vacant
since 1668. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 415.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Peter Walker elected Provost. (Burgh Records.)

1674. - CHURCH OF DUNFERMLINE ACT anent Brides and Bridegrooms. - "3d May:
It is ordained anent brides and bridegrooms yt if they shall not come on
the day of yr marriage into the Kirk before the first psalme be closed,
they shall pey 12s. or more, as the minsr shall please, to be publictly
intimat, which was done."  (Kirk Session Records.)

CONVENTICLE MEETING and Robert Ged of Baldridge. - "Mr. Robert Ged of
Baldridge, in Dunfermline parish, was this year fined in the fourth part of
his yearly rent for attending a field meeting." (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i.
p. 279.)

CARNOCK. - A new pulpit was erected in Carnock Church.  On it was the date
1674, with the motto, "Sermonem vitae praebentes," viz., "Holding for the
word of life."  The church bell bears the date 1638.  (Mercer's Hist. Dunf.
p. 270.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Peter Walker re-elected Provost. (Burgh Records.)

1675. - CAPTIVES IN TURKEY. - Contribution. - "Jany. 10, 1675: This day
intimatin was made of a contributn to be collectit for the ransom of two
captives wt the turks, named walter gibbieson and Jon reid, men of
Inverkeithing."  (Dunf. Kirk Session Records.)

Wardlaw, of Pitreavie, "founded and built an Hospital at Masterton" (a
little to the east of Pitreavie, three miles south-east of Dunfermline), in
favour of four widows, "women of honest fame, relicts of honest men, who
live on the lands of Pitreavie, or other land belonging to him and his
successors, to whom the patronage of the hospital is declared by the
charter to belong; and failing widows of the before-mentioned description,
then to be in favour of such other honest women as the patrons shall please
to prefer.  Each of the widows is to have a chamber or house, and six bolls
of meal yearly, or six bolls of oats and three bolls of bear, at the option
of the patrons."  The eighth part of the lands of Masterton, which the
founder acquired from Robert Kellock, is burdened with the payment of the
widows' provision.  (Fernie's Hist. Dunf. pp. 47, 48.)  Pitreavie House was
probably built between the years 1615-1631.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Charles Wardlaw, of Logie, elected Provost.
(Burgh Records.)

REPAIRS OF DUNFERMLINE CHURCH. - The north wall of the Church, near the
porch-door, showed symptoms of decay, and a new buttress was built on the
outside to support it.  The date 1675 is on the north buttress next the
porch-door. (MSS., &c.)

1676. - RESIGNATION OF THE PROVOST. - 8th Jan. 1676.  This day "the sd Mr.
Charles Wardlaw, not being cler to signe sd declaratione, declares he will
exerces his office no longer, but demitts and thair foir wills and requyrs
the baillies and Counsall to appoynt and proceid to ane new election of ane

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Robert Walwood, on 17th January, 1676, was, "by a
plurality of voices, made Provost." (Burgh Records, date January, 1676.
See also "Oath of Allegiance," under date 16th February, 1664, An. of

DR. ALEX MONRO, Minister of the Second Charge of Dunfermline Church,
demitted office, and was translated to the Church of Weems, 22nd March,
1676. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 415; also An. Dunf. date 1673.)

LEGACY TO THE POOR. - John Drysdale, in the Netherton, bequeathed 500 Merks
(27 15s. 6 8/12d. sterling) to the Poor of the Parish. - Regarding this,
is the following entry in the Kirk Session Records, viz. - "8th August:
This day the Session having seen Jon Drysdaill's confirmed testament brot
in to ym be Jonet burn, his relict, Qlk mentions thus, viz., that the said
Jon leaves to the toun and burgh of Dunfermline, for the use of the common
good yrof, the soume of 400 merks Scotts money, restand be James Mercer of
Kirkland be band, and the soume of 100 merks for sd restand to him be
george stirk, weaver in whitefield of Pittencrieff be band; The sad toun or
burgh alwayes peying dewly to the Kirk Session of Dunfermline the ordinar
annuel rent of the said two soume yeirlie, and the annuel rent to be
employed and laid forth be ym for mentainence and holding of poore
Schollers at Schooles." (See Annals Dunf. date 1678.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Robert Walwood, was re-elected Provost. (Burgh

MR. WILLIAM PEIRSON, Minister of the First Charge of Dunfermline Church,
demitted office in October, 1676, was translated to Stirling in November,
1676, and died in 1679.

MR. ALEXANDER DUNBAR was admitted Minister of the First Charge of
Dunfermline Church on the 19th October, 1676.

MR. JOHN BALNEVE was admitted minister of the First Charge of Dunfermline
Church on 8th November, 1676. (Epis. Cler.)

this, the following curious minute is to be found in the Kirk Session
Records - "10 April (1677): This day report was made of agnes drysdaill for
masking on the Sabbath, and Wm burley an andro hannan, for steiring the pat
to her, who are appointed to be cited before the Session.  They appeared,
and agnes boldly affirmed that she did mask on the Sabbath, and thot it no
sin.  She was referred to the Presbytery.  Wm burley, who confest his fault
in steering the pat, evidenced his repentance on his knees yrfore before
the Session, and was sharplie admonishit, he promising not till doe the
like again."  What became of Andro Hannan, it is not said.

CONVENTICLE MEETINGS, FINES, &C. - Conventicle or field meetings, for
religious services, still continued rife in the parish.  In 1677 Sir
Alexander Bruce of Broomhall, in Dunfermline parish, was fined in 1200
Scots for not obliging his servants to sign the Bond of Conformity, and to
refrain from attending conventicles. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 279.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - John Walwood, elected Provost. (Burgh Rec.)

1678. - ST. MARGARET'S FESTIVAL DAY. - The festival day of St. Margaret,
"the Titular Saint of Dunfermline," which had in 1673 been altered to June
10th, was again altered this year.  "In the year 1678 Innocent XI. allowed
the festival to be celebrated on June 8th.  (Lord Hailes' An. Scot; Bishop
Geddes' Life of St. Margaret, &c.)

MR. ALEXANDER DUNBAR, minister of the First Charge of Dunfermline Church,
died on 22nd March, 1678. (Kirk Ses. Records.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket, of Pitfirrane, elected
Provost. (Burgh Rec.)

DRYSDALE'S "BEQUEATHMENT." - Early in the year 1676 John Drysdale, in the
Netherton, bequeathed to the Kirk Session of Dunfermline the sum of 500
merks for the support of poor scholars at school.  These merks were resting
in the hands of two persons at the time.  The Kirk Session this year,
having received security for the payment of this sum, notifies it by the
following minute in their Records - "1st Dec. 1678: The Session having
receivand security in peyment of the 500 merks left be Jon Drysdaill, viz.,
James Lindsay of Cavil having givin in his band for 200 merks yrof, whch
was put into the boxe, and James mercer of Kirkland having now peyit be rot
stirk, makand yrby 300 mks, was lent forth be consent of the Session to
James Moutrey of Roscobie, who, wt his sone, gave yr band yrof, which was
put into the boxe."

THE KIRK SESSION mortified into the hand of the Town Council of Dunfermline
the sum of 1000 merks Scots, or 55 11s. 1 1/3d. for the use of the Doctor
of the Grammar School.  They (the Session) by a bond from the Town Council
- dated 14th September, 1678 - acquired an equal right of patronage with
themselves in presenting the Doctor, &c. (Fernie's Hist. Dunf. p. 41.)

"MR. ROBERT NORIE was ordained minister of the First Charge of the Kirk of
Dunfermline be Mr. Dauid Lauther, minister of Inverkeithing, on 18th
September, 1678, who yn preached."  (Kirk Ses. Records.)

CHOOSING OF DEACONS. - The Incorporation of Fleshers meet in the Auld Kirk
regarding the Choosing of a Deacon, &c. - The writer has in his possession
an old MS. which appears to have belonged to the Incorporation of Fleshers.
The following is a copy of the first few lines of the ancient document -
"Dunfermline, 24th September, 1678: Which day the heall breethern of the
fleshers of the burgh of Dunfermline being conveened in the Church of
Dunfermline anent the Choisen of their Deacon, and Considering the Great
abuse Committed by some of the breethern of the said trade in abuse blowing
their flesh, each man of their said trade, for mending of the said abuse,
gave their oaths freely each before others that they should blow none
flesh, lambs excepted, in anie time hereafter.  Sic subscribit - William
Steuart, James Causing, William Hodge, Thomas Elder, Andrew Smart, Thoams
Locke, William Belfrage, John Locke, William Wallwood." (See also Annals
Dunf. date 1703, &c.)

1679. - EDUCATION. - A Public School to be held at the Gellets, near
Dunfermline. - An entry to this effect is made in the Kirk Ses. Records,
viz.:- "13th July, 1679.  This day, the Session considering the Gellets
eister, and yt quartr of the paroch to qrin it lyes, is so far remot from
the toun yt that the children yr cannot convenientlie come to be educated
at the publict school: And, patrick mudie having compeird this day before
ym and desired libertie to set up a school at the said gellets fr teaching
ym yr; therefore the said Session, finding him qualified, have thot good to
authorise, and by Act of Session to license him to hold a school and teach
children in yt quartr, conform to his desire, provyding always yt he live
orderly and regularly as became ane in such a station."

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket, of Pitfirrane, re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

EARTHQUAKE. - An old MS. mentions that "a verie seveer schoke of an
earthquak" was felt throughout the whole of Fife, on 10th July, 1679, and
that it was particularly "sharp at Dunfermline, Saline, and Kinross."

WITCHES still "Rife" in Dunfermline, Inverkeithing, and Torryburn. - An old
MS. note mentions that, notwithstanding "all the droonin and burning of
witches that hae taen place in Dunfermling, Innerkeithing, and Torrieburn,
durin this long space past, they dinna decrease, but are as common and
horibly at their work as ever," &c.

1680. - THE BLUE BLANKET. - A sheet of strong paper, 23 1/2 inches long,
and 18 1/4 inches in breadth, known as "The Blue Blanket," has inscribed on
it a great many ornamental scrolls, amongst which are "scroll lions
supporters," suspended "scroll dolphins," &c.  In the centre-piece, which
is left oval by the scroll-work, there is a common-place, rhythimical
acrostic on the name "Dunfermling."  To accommodate his muse to his
acrostic, the rhymester has had to spell the name "Dwmfermling."  The
following is a correct copy of the acrostic, copied from the original :-

Delaited fame was never yet so daft
as to Cry downe the merit of a Craft
What wold the World doe if trade were not
with idle ease all wold themselves besott
Most not the King and peasent equal live
by those supports the treadsmen does tham give
For wholl Empyers Steats wold go to Wreack
if Hammermen their skill and art draw back
Each blaw of nipping cold wold kill us dead
If claithing warm of tailer trade not made
Rere wormanship of various wevers Loome
for the supplie of our weake bodies come
Most Christians Like to Savadges go eat
and not a flesher for to kill their meat
Let Records tell how Crispianus King
the Gentle Craft did to its flourish bring
If baxters were not that supplie our teeth
we wold Chew Chaff Instead of meall with griffe
Now Wrights the tyling of our houses reare,
does make the plough, our great support and moer
Great steat fabricks measons builds and orders
Corinthic, dorick, Ionic, round its borders. - W. J.

Considerably below this effusion, at the foot of all the scrolls, is the
motto: "Live long and well you Deacons all."  At the top left-hand corner
is the following dedication:- "To the most Ancient and very Worthy the
Wholl Incorporation of Treades in the famous and Royal Brough of
Dunfermling.  Of the present deacons, are Thomas Elder, deacon Conveener;
Patrick Allan, deacon of the Hammermen; Andrew Greig, deacon of the
Tailors; Robert Peirson, deacon of the Weavers; Thomas Elder, deacon of the
ffleshers; John Gibsone, deacon of the Cordwainers; and James Lindsay of
Kevill, deacon of baxters; Andrew Chrystie, deacon of the Wrights; James
Simmervell, deacon of the Measones.  Anno 1680."  How and when this sheet
of paper got the name of "The Blue Blanket" is unknown.  Very likely it is
the pattern-designer's device for the centre-piece of the Convener's flag,
which was blue, and had on it, according to tradition, "emblems mounted on
a frame, was sold at Mr. Robert Birrell's sale, on 2nd September, 1874, to
a London gentleman.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE - Sir Charles Halket, of Pitfirrane, re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

MR. JOHN BALNEVE, Minister of the Second Charge of Dunfermline Church,
demitted office, and was translated to Dunbarnie, and ordained there on
17th December, 1680. (Kirk Ses. Rec.)

1681. - MR. SIMON COUPER was ordained minister of the Second Charge of
Dunfermline Church on 17th May, 1681.  The Kirk Session Records, referring
to the ordination, say - "17 May (1681): Mr. Simon Cuper was admitted
ministr of this Kirk be Mr. harie Chrystie, ministr of Kinros, who yn

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE - Sir Charles Halket, of Pitfirrane, re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Rec.)

THROCH-STANES IN THE CHURCHYARD. - "Liberty money" had to be paid to the
Kirk Session to be allowed to place throch-stanes over graves in the
churchyard.  "18 Sep. (1681): This day andro Donaldson, in Drumtuthie,
peyit 40s. fr the libertie of his throt stone in the Kirkyaird, whch 40s.
was deliveret to Jon neish, collectr."  (Kirk Session Records.)

1682. - GRAMMAR SCHOOL. - Money Paid to the Teachers. - "9th April, 1682:
This day the session peyit to Mr. Wm Hay, schoolmr, 10 mks, and to Mr.
peter Kennedie, Doctor, 5 mks for a yeir by fone, viz., fra witsonday,
1681, to witsonday, 1682, of the annuel rent of the money mortified by
umquhl Jon Drysdaill for the use of the poore schoollers." (Kirk Ses. Rec.)

DUNUM-FERMLINI. - This Latin form of the name of the burgh is given by
Christpr Irvine in his Historiae Scoticae (pub. Edin. 1682).  Of
Dunumfermlini, Irvine says:- "It is situated four miles above the
Queens-ferry, in Fife.  It was famous for its rich Abbacie and Royal Palace
of our Kings, and their Burial place there."  (For other Latin name of
Dunfermline, see An. Dunf. dates 1582, 1584, 1589, 1622, 1690, &c.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE - Sir Charles Halket, of Pitfirrane, re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

SEVERE WINTER. - An old MS. note, referring to the early winter "set in at
the end of 1682," says that "the winter began with drifting snow in the end
of October, and Dunfermling an the other touns in the wast of Fife
sometimes were from 12 to 20 feet deep in snow; and there was greate
distress be reason of fiver."  (MS.)

1683. - NEW GREAT BIBLE brought from Holland for the Kirk of Dunfermline. -
The Kirk Session Record, referring to the purchase, &c., says - "26th
April, 1683: This day the Session, having received a new great byble for
the use of the Kirk, from andro simpson, clerk, who brot ye same out of
Holland, the pryce qhrof being 50 mks; and the session gave out to him
20lib. in part peyt."

THE DUNFERMLINE WEAVERS' BATON. - "The Incorporation of the Weavers of
Dunfermline got a very handsome baton made on 1683.  It was highly
polished, was tipped with silver at both ends, and had a silver shield at
the top, with the date 1683 on it.  It used to be carried by the deacon of
the weavers at public processions," &c.  The baton was long in the
possession of the late Joseph Paton, Wooer's Alley, Dunfermline, and was
sold for 34s. at his public sale in Edinburgh, in November, 1874.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE - Sir Charles Halket, of Pitfirrane, re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

SAWING DEALS on the Sabbath day. - "13 Dec. 1683: Jon Thomson being called
before the Session, compeirt an confest his sin in sawing Daills on ye
Sabbath, to be a dead kist (coffin), he was ordained to acknowledge his sd
sin the nixt sabbath publictlie before ye cngregation, an to testifie his
repentce;" he accordingly "stood before the congregation on Decr 16th."

1684. - CONVENTICLES AND NONCONFORMISTS. - "Field meetings and meetings in
private houses are held for religious services by the nonconformists;
strict searching and severe punishing of many who would not adhere to the
Episcopalian faith. Dr. James Welwood of Dunfermline parish was apprehended
on suspicion that he keiped correspondence and gave intelligence to the
fugitaves in Holland.  He was delated by the Earl of Balcarhouse on some
private pick between them.  He was ordered to be sent to Cowper (Cupar),
there to satisfy the Sheriff's Sentence for his nonconformity," &c.
(Woodrow's Hist. Ch. Scot.)  The Hill-o'-Beath appears to have been a
favoured locality for these meetings. (MS. and Tradition.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - George Durie of Craigluscar, re-elected Provost.
(Burgh Records.)

1685. - PITTENCRIEFF ESTATE. - George Murray, of his Majesty's Guards, was
proprietor of Pittencrieff estate in 1685.

LORD DRUMMOND - Charity to the Poor. - The Kirk Session Records have two
minutes regarding his Lordship's charity, viz.:- "19th April, 1685: Mr.
Robt Norie, modr, gave in 7 14s-pieces of charitie, given be my Lord
Drumond (a schollar) to the poore, all put into the box."  "13 Sept: This
day the moderator gave in 8lib. 8s. givin in charitie to the poore be my
Lord Drumond and the rest of the nobles who are schollars, and yt for the
last sabbath and all proceedings."  From this it would appear that previous
to and at this period the children of the nobility were educated in the
Grammar School of Dunfermline.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Captain George Durie of Craigluscar was
re-elected Provsot. (Burgh Records.)

1686. - STOPPING AN ENTRY IN THE OLD STEEPLE. - In the Kirk Session
Records, under date April 4th, 1686, there is the following minute of
payment:- "Item, given for stopping ane old entrie in the old steeple, half
a leg Dollar."  This is quoted to show that the south-west tower was called
old, in contradistinction to the north-west tower, or steeple, which was
then comparatively new, dating between 1594-1607, while the old tower or
steeple, dated circa A.D. 1115. (See also Appendix N.)

MR. ROBERT NORIE, minister of the First Charge of Dunfermline Church,
demitted his office, and was translated to the Charge of the Church of
Dundee in May, 1686. (Fernie's Hist. Dunf. p. 32, &c.)

CONVENER'S COURT BOOK. - The oldest Record Book of the Convener's Court of
Dunfermline commences with date August 26th, 1686.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

A PAIR OF CALMES for casting Communion Tickets. - In the Kirk Session
Records reference is made to casting calmes.  "5 Sept. 1686: Item, given to
James Colzier, for making a pair of calmes for casting tickets for the
communicants," for which 1lib. 2s. Scots was paid.

MR. SIMON COUPER, minister of the Second Charge of Dunfermline Church, was
admitted the the First Charge thereof on 12th Dec., 1686. (Chal. Hist.
Dunf. vol. i. p. 415.)

1687. - MR. JAMES GRAME, OR GRAHAM, admitted Minister of First Charge,
Dunfermline Church. (Fernie's Hist. Dunf. p. 33; see also An. Dunf. dates
1701 and 1710.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

KIRKYARD STOUPS TO KEEP OUT BEASTS. - "17th July, 1687: This day, the
Session allowed Andrew Curror, wright, 40s. Scots for making and placing
the stoupes at the two kirkyaird stiles, for the keiping out of beasts from
the kirkyaird."  From this it would seem that, in 1687, there were no gates
connected with these stiles, or stoupes. (See Annals Dunf. date 1706.)

1688. - MR. JOHN GRAY was one of the Presbyterian Ministers of dunfermline
in 1688.  He was the first Presbyterian Minister of Dunfermline after the
Revolution.  He was translated from Orwell to Dunfermline.

MR. WILLIAM OLIPHANT, who had been "outed" (deposed) in 1664, was restored
to his charge at Dunfermline. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. ii. p. 585.)

It being considered yt the Sacrament of ye Lords hath not been celebrat of
a long time in this Church (Dunfermline), and yt now it is a fitt tyme for
the administrating of ye samen, it was resolved yt it should not be any
longer delayed, but yt ye 12 and 19 days of August should be the tyme of
its celebratn, and yr of be made the next Lord's day from ye pulpit." (Kirk
Session Rec.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

1689. - SIR CHARLES HALKET AND THE "UNION." - Sir Charles Halket was
elected one of the Committee to treat regarding the Union Question.  After
the accession of William and Mary, an attempt was made to unite the two
Kingdoms of England and Scotland.  The project failed.  Sir Charles Halket,
then Burgess of Dunfermline, was Member in the Scottish Parliament for the
burgh, and was then, along with other members, elected one of the
Commissioners on the Union Question. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 296.)

A NEW PRESBYTERY FORMED. - THE MEETING-HOUSE, &C. - The first minute of the
Register of the Presbytery of Dunfermline, after the Revolution of 1688, is
an interesting one, viz.:- 24th May, 1689: The which day at the
Meeting-House at Dunfermline, Mr. John Gray, at Dunfermline; Mr. Andrew
Donaldson, at Dalgety; Mr. James Fraser, at Culross; Mr. William Spence, at
Kinross; Mr. Robert Hodge, in Inverkeithing; and Mr. William Mathie,
minister at Portmoak, assistant, being present.  After invocation of the
name of God, did first of all erect themselves in a Presbytery for carrying
on the work of God jointly in the bounds of Dunfermline Presbytery, by
warrant of the General Meeting at Edinburgh, the ... day of ..., ....,
appointing that, when three or four ministers within the bounds of a
Presbytery are settled, that they associate and meet together
Presbyterially.  The said day Mr. Andrew Donaldson was chosen Moderator,
and James Lamb, Clerk.  The next Presbytery day appointed to be at
Dunfermline, the 21st of August, and Mr. James Fraser, appointed to preach
before the sitting of the Presbytery, and concluded with prayer."  (For
"Meeting-House," see also An. Dunf. dates 1701 and 1705; Chal. Hist. Dunf.
vol. i. p. 427.)

JAMES, EARL OF DUNFERMLINE at the Battle of Killiecrankie, 17th June, 1689.
- The Earl of Dunfermline attached himself to the cause of James VII., and
commanded a troop of horse, under Lord Dundee, at the Battle of
Killiecrankie, June 17th, 1689, for which "act of rebellion" he was
outlawed, and his title forfeited.  "The Earl followed the King to St.
Germains, in France, where he died in 1695.  This Earl was the fourth in
the Earldom of Dunfermline, created in 1605.  Thus the Earldom became
extinct after a tenure of 84 years.  (Douglas's Peerage, &c.)  The Earl is
lauded by the Jacobite author of the "Praelium Gilliecrankianum," as -

"Nobilis apparuit Fermilodunensis
Cujus in rebellis stringebatur ensis;
Nobilis et sanguine, nobilor virtute,
Regi devotissimus intus et in cate."

MAP OR PLAN OF THE COUNTY OF FIFE. - "The celebrated John Adair,
Mathematician, &c., was in the west of Fife in the summer of 1689," taking
observations and measurements for a plan of the County of Fife.
Dunfermline, according to an old Note, was "his head-quarters for several
months."  The Plan of Fife was done for his large Map of Scotland.  He was
patronised by the Government of his day.  (Hist. Pap. and MS.)

THE MINISTER OF DUNFERMLINE Accused of not Reading the Proclamation of
April 11th, 1689. - Mr. James Graham and Mr. Simon Couper, ministers of
Dunfermline, "were tried by the Estates, on September 4th, 1689, for not
reading from the pulpit the Proclamation of April 11th, and not praying for
King William and his Queen."  The libel against Mr. Couper was found Not
Proven, while Mr. Graham declared that the Proclamation came not to his
hand, and that he had no scruple to read it.  Both ministers were
acquitted. (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 582.)

THE MINISTER OF CARNOCK DEPOSED. - Mr. Thomas Marshall, who was admitted to
the Charge of Carnock in 1679, was deposed for "not reading from the pulpit
the Proclamation Act, and for not praying for William and Mary; but,
instead, praying that he hoped to see King James on his throne before
Lammas."  (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 584.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

1690. - POPULATION OF DUNFERMLINE, about 2000 souls.

PITTENCRIEFF ESTATE. - Alex Yeaman, Esq., proprietor. (MS.)

CUSTOMS OF FAIRS, Shoe Market, Handbell, &c., are alluded to in the Burgh
Records of 1690.  The customs of the Fairs during 1690 term, amounted to a
total of 200 Scots.  Among the items of "the total" are the Customs of the
Shoe Market, 26 12s. 6d.; of the Town Green grass, 29; of the Loan, 10;
of the Handbell, 69, &c.

POST OFFICE. - According to tradition, "a Post Office was established in
Dunfermline by the Estates of Scotland, within two years after the great
Revolution of 1688." (MS., &c.)

SLEZER'S VIEWS OF DUNFERMLINE. - Captain Slezer appears to have published
his "Theatrum Scotiae" in 1690.  In this work are two engravings of
Dunfermline, each about 16 1/2 x 9 inches.  The first engraving is entitled
"Prospectus Oppidi et Cenoby Fermilodunensis," viz., "The Prospect of the
Town and Abbey of Dunfermline," and is dedicated "To the Honble Charles
Cathcart, Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Graye Dragoons," &c.  This view,
which has no pretensions to perspective, appears to have been taken from
the Tower Hill.  It shows the north end and west wall of the Palace with
the roof entire.  The west end of the Church, Queen's House, &c.; as also
the backs of the houses in St. Catherine's Wynd, Kirkgate, and part of
Collier Row, with the Ferm Burn (Tower Burn), in shape of a large pond,
&c.!  This view has been frequently engraved on a reduced scale.  (See
Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. ii. p. 124, &c.)  The writer has one of the
published views done abroad about 1720, which is titled "Ruine della Badia
di Dunfermiling in Scozia."

The second view is titled "Prospectus Cenoby Fermilodunensis," "Prospect of
the Abbey of Dunfermling," and is dedicated "To the Right Honble John, Lord
of Leslie," &c.  It appears to have been taken from Per Dieu Knoll, about
three-quarters of a mile south of the Abbey.  It shows the King's Stables,
the Frater Hall, the Bowling Green Wall, &c., in ruins, with the Church
Steeple in the background.  The perspective of this view is also
indifferent; in size, same as the first view.

ROSYTH CASTLE SOLD. - The family line of the Stuarts of Rosyth became
extinct in 1690, when the castle and property were sold to "a stranger,"
who resold them to the Earl of Roseberry in 1705; they were afterwards
purchased by the Earl of Hopetoun.  The castle became ruinous about 1750.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of PItfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

The Treasurer's Fee,                            26  13  4
Clerk's Fee,                                     26  13  4
Procurator Fiscal's Fee,                          4   0  0
Town Agent's Fee,                                13   6  8
Three Officers' Fees,                            36   0  0
Drummer's and Piper's Fees,                      32   0  0
Feu-duty to the Earl of Tweeddale,                8  13  4
                                               ---- --- ---
                                               147   6  8
(Burgh Records; also Parliamentary Report on Municipal Corporations in
Scotland, 1836.)

1691. - SEVERE WINTER and Great Distress in Dunfermline. - A Note informs
us that "Dunfermline and all the West of Fife lay knee-deep in snow from
January till the beginning of April," and that there was great distress "be
reason of a wide-spread vilent fevir."

MR. JOHN GRAY, who was admitted one of the ministers of Dunfermline in
1688, "ceased to be minister thereof in 1691."

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

1692. - MR. WILLIAM GULLANE, Presbyterian minister, was admitted one of the
ministers of Dunfermline on 24th August, 1692.  (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i.
p. 416.)

MRS. DURRIT and her "Vapours." - There is a curious entry in the old MS.
Ledger of Patrick Chalmers, of Aberdeen, dated 1692, viz.: "Mrs. Durrit,
maid to my Lady Dunfermline, paid for her vapours 5 16s."  (Vide Scotsman
newspaper extract, 15th March, 1861.)  "This Mrs. Durrit has been supposed
to have been Mrs. Durrie, of Dunfermline, descendant of the last Abbot, who
had come to be in straitened circumstances.  Probably she had become
touched with a mild insanity." ("J.P." and Note.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
9th October. (Burgh Records.)

ELECTION OF BURGESS to "sit in the Grand Assize" for Regulating the Prices
of Commodities. - "The counsell by a pluratie of voices nomt and elect the
persons under mentiond to sit in the grand assyse for regultng the pryse of
malt, eal, bread, and candle wtn this burh viz., Andrew Walker, Hugh Kirk,
Ja. Wals, Rot Broun, Wm Hog, John Casing, Adm Stevinsone, Andrew Smeiton,
Wm Wilson, litsr. John Stewart, Da. Turnbull, John main, wright, Ja. Gow,
deacon, Jne Gibsone, shoemaker, Andrew Greig." (Burgh Rec. 1692.)

PROMISED HELP IN MONEY to a Wright's Apprentice. - "3 Dec. 1692 : The
counsell ordered Ten mks to be payed to Helen Watson, to help to put her
son to ye wright trad, and this to be payd by Thomas Mitchel eftir he is
entred to ye trad, and fund yt he is capable for ye trade." (Burgh Records,

1693. - LORD TWEEDDALE obtained a Renewal of the Lease of the Lordship,
&c., of Dunfermline. - On 23rd March, 1693, Lord Tweeddale, in consequence
of his eminent services to the Crown, obtained in his own name a renewal of
his lease to the Lordship and Regality, &c., of Dunfermline for three
nineteen years after the expiry of his first tack. (Fernie's Hist. Dunf. p.
81; Mercer's Hist. p. 83, &c.)

ST. MARGARET'S FESTIVAL was appointed by Pope Innocent XII. to be a
festival of the Church (of Rome), and he again transferred the festival day
back to 10th June. (Hailes' An. Scot.; see also An. Dunf. dates 1673 and

ROYAL ARMS IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER. - "24th June, 1693: This day it was
ordained that John Cowie, thesaurer, pay to Laurence Henderson Twentie
Merks Scotts for mending and gilding ye King's Arms which hung above ye
counsl (chamber) in ye Tolbooth."  (Burgh Records.)

OATH OF ALLEGIANCE to King William and Queen Mary. - In Dunfermline Burgh
Records, of 7th October, 1693, the then common form of the "allegiance
oath" is entered, viz.:- "I do in the sinceritie of my hart assert,
acknowledge, and declair, That thr majesties King William and Queen Marie
are ye onlie laill and onlie soveriaigns of ths realm als well de jure yt
is of right the King and Qwen as de fairls; That is in ye possession and
exercise of ye goverment.  And Therfor I doe sincerlie and faithfulie
promise and engadge yt I will wh heart and hand life and goods mentaine and
defend thr majesties title and government agt ye late King James and his
adherents and will trye Enemies who either by secret or open attempts shall
disturb or exercise their majesties in the possession," &c. (Burgh Records,

FREE HONORARY BURGESS. - On the 16th September, 1693, the Council of the
Burgh created "Philip Abel, sone to ye deceist John Abel, somtyme
procurator fiscal of ye comissuret of St. Andrews," a free honorary
burgess. (Burgh Records.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

MR. SIMON COUPER, who had been admitted minister of the Second Charge of
Dunfermline Church in 1681, and to the First Charge in 1686, was, for
contumacy, deposed from his Charge by sentence of the united Presbyteries
of Dunfermline and Kirkcaldy, on 28th December, 1693.

1694. - MEAL ACT FOR THE BURGH. - The following minute of this Act is taken
from the Burgh Records of 6th January, 1694:- "The which day the
Magistrates and Toune Counsel statuted and ordained yt in all tyme coming
That each bag of Meall bought from persons yt areint inhabitants and
imported wthn this burg to be sold by the meal-sellers, That ye seller
shall be obliged to pey Two Shillings scotts for each bag; And yt ye Buyer
shall be obliged to give acct To ye customer of such bag of meall they
bring as sd is, and also Tht ye Buyers omit (not) to give acct yrof, or if
anie way by yr fault ye custome be not peyed, That in yt case ye meall
Buyer shall be Leyable for ye sd custom.  Also, it is statuted and ordained
yt anie meall yt is imported in ye burg by strangers to be sold on ye
mercat day, That no prte of ye sd meall yt may happen to be left unsold
shall not be       in to ye house of ain inhabitant to be sold by ym
betwixt ye mercat days, but yt ye sd meall shall be tyed up and keiped till
ye next mercat day or carried out at ye       and yt under ye penalt of
Fourtie shillings scotts to be peyd by ye persons yt       ye meall stin yr
house and sells ye samen as if his."

DEBT OF THE BURGH IN 1694. - The first notice of the burgh debt is minuted
in the Burgh Records of this year as amounting to 5573 merks (about 309
12s. sterg.), mortifications excepted. ("Report in consequence of an Act of
Parl. on the Common Good and Debts of the Burgh, in Dunf. Char. Chest;"
Fernie's Hist. Dunf. p. 11.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost.  (Burgh Records.)

ALLOWANCE TO THE TOWN CLERK for Extra Work. - "1694, Oct. 6th: The said day
The Councill allowed the Clerk ane hundred merks scotts mony; And yt in
satisfactione To him of his extraordinary pains of ye Toun's affairs.
(Burgh Records, 1694.)

1695. - THE First Charge of Dunfermline Parish Church vacant from 1695 to
1701.  (See An. Dunf. date 1701.)

FREE HONORARY BURGESSES OF DUNFERMLINE. - It was ordered by the Magistrates
and Town Council of the Burgh "that the Captain, Cornet, Agitant, the
Sergants, and Corperals of the Lord Jedburgh's troop quartd here be made
burgesses; and also ordains Wm. Garrock to be made a burges."  (Burgh Rec.
25th May, 1695.)

A NEW HAND-BELL ordered for the Burgh. - "25th May, 1695: Ordered that a
new hand-bell be bought, and recommends John Chalmers to do it; and orders
the bell to be kept for ordinar proclamations and allenerly for burials."
(Burgh Records, May and July, 1695.)

THE "MERCAT" CROSS REPAIRED. - This year the "Mercat Croce" was repaired,
and a new centre pillar erected.  The date "1695" is still to be seen on
the stone pillar, near the foot. (See An., date 1868.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Rec.)

1696. - THE DARIEN COMPANY. - To this scheme, according to the Burgh
Records, the Town Council of Dunfermline in 1696, subscribed the sum of
10.  It may be noted here that the "Darien scheme" appears to have been
projected and floated by "Paterson, the schemer," in 1695, for the purpose
of colonising and trading on the Isthmus of Darien (the narrow neck of land
joining North and South America).  The scheme took the national fancy - the
wealthy and the poor, Town Councils and incorporated bodies voted moneys
for the furtherance of the scheme; every one who had, or who would
subscribe to it were to become in a few short years very rich.  Public
rejoicings in 1696-98 became the order of the day.  The frenzied excitement
was at its height between March, 1699, and January, 1700.  During this
period, thanksgiving sermons and thanksgiving prayers were promulated from
almost every Scotch pulpit.  Suddenly a reverse came.  The Company, which
was entirely a Scotch Company, had excited the jealousy of English
Companies and speculators, many of whom had the ear of the King.  By
misrepresentation and mean machinations of these speculators, the Scotch
Company of Darien came to grief, and the country nearly to the verge of
national bankruptcy."  (See Histories of Scotland for an account of the
unfortunate scheme.)

MR. SIMON COUPAR, who had been deposed by the Presbyteries of Dunfermline
and Kirkcaldy, in December, 1693, and the deposition ratified by the Synod
of Fife, 9th May, 1694, continued to officiate as Minister of the First
Charge of Dunfermline Church till this year (June, 1696).

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Rec.)

BREWING. - "The Counsell ordains each breuar within the burgh from the date
hereof (14th December), to breu two sorts of ale, the one to be sold for
3s. the pint, and ye oyr for 2s. 4d." (Burgh Records.)

1697. - THE BURGH TREASURER "STRAITENED." - 600 Merks Borrowed. - "18 May,
1697: Which day the treasurer having represented yt he was straightened for
monie to do ye touns affairs, the Counsell ordered ye thesaurer to borrow
from David Adie 600 merks Scots, and to give bond in name of ye communitie,
bearing annl rent from Whitd last."  (Burgh Records.)

CHARITY TO WILLIAM REID, Son of the late Provost. - The Treasurer, by order
of the Council, is requested "to furnish William Reid, son to the deceast
James Reid, late Provost, six lippies of meal and seven pence weekly for
his maintainence, from the beginning of May, 1697, to ye first Sept. 1698,
and that in respect that he was almost starving at the time."  (Vide Burgh
Rec. the 29th May, 1699.)

BURGH CHARITY. - "Oct. 1697: Ordered yt ye thesaurer give in chartie to
helen Watson for buying medicaments for her daughter, who is sick of ye
passion." (Burgh Records.)

DEARTH. - This summer the dearth began to be felt, and continued for nearly
two years.  "The baillies intimat to the burgesses That thir severall years
bygone, for relief of the inhabitants in this time of dearth, they had
payed the public cess out of the common good which the burgesses approved,
and entreated they might continue in so doeing untill that the inhabitants
be in better condition."  (Burgh Records, Oct. 5, 1697.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Charles Halket of Pitfirrane was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records, Oct. 4, 1697.)

SIR CHARLES HALKET of Pitfirrane, Provost of the Burgh, died October 21st,
1697, and was interred in Dunfermline Abbey. (See under.)

FUNERAL OF THE PROVOST. - The Provost, having died in office, the
Magistrates and Town Council came to the following arrangements, &c., for
attending the funeral:- "The magistrates and toun counsell, considering it
their duty to doe all in their power to honour the funeralls of Sir Charles
Halket their honourable and worthie provost, now deceast," they ordered
"the thesaurer to buy als much black searge as would compleatlie cover the
counsell (laft) in the Church, and that this be done against Sabbath coming
eight days.  Also, ordered that there be a particular number of the Crafts
to be nominat by the deacon convener, and of the common burgesses to be
nominat by ye baillies, do on horseback attend the funeralls and go out
with the magistrates to Pitfirran, and that all of them who can
conveniently put themselves in mourning do it.  Also, that none of the
inhabitants presume to go to Pitferran but such as go on horseback.  Likeas
that the other burgesses that go not to Pitfirran on horseback, wait upon
the funeralls at the Port.  In like manner that the thesaurer provide als
much crape as will be mourning things, and shoulder bands for the officers
to be worn by them at the buriall.  Moreover, that the magistrates and toun
counsell take their post upon the front immediately after the burial enters
the east port, the officers goeing before them with their hallberts in
their ordinary mourning and liveries forsd, and thus continue untill they
come to the Church stile, and yt there the Counsellors in mournings advance
and go immediately before the corps until the grave, and the officers go
immediatlie after the corps trailing their halberts."  (Burgh Rec. Oct. 23,
1697.)  The funeral cavalcade, it will be seen, entered Dunfermline by the
East Port.  The West Port, in St. Catherine's Wynd, had too small an
archway to permit a hearse, &c., to pass through it.  The funeral party
would, therefore, proceed from Pitfirrane by the low south road to the
Netherton, go up the New Row, and at the top of it, enter the East Port (a
wide archway), then down High Street and Kirkgate.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Patrick Murray of Pitdinnes elected Provost.
- "Nov. 12th, 1697: The said day the magistrates and counsell did nominate
and elect Sir Patrick Murray of Pitdinnes to be provost of this burgh till
Michaelmas next, in place of Sir Charles Halket, laitlie deceased, and
ordained him to appear before the ordinary counsell, and there accept the
said office, and give his oath fidele."  Similar notices are appended to
the elections of the other Provosts.  Pitdinnie is about three miles west
from Dunfermline. (Burgh Records.)

1698. - CLOCK-KEEPER. - "5 Feb. 1698: The said day the counsell agreed with
Adam Stevenson (younger), Smith, that he should not only daily row up and
wait upon the knock, and the mend and keep right all parts of her that
shall become faulty, or make new wheels or other materials, and to keep her
goeing right, for which the Counsell ordain their thesaurer to pay him
yearlie the sum of twentie pounds Scots money, beginning the first term's
payt at the term of Lambemas next to come, 1698, for the year immediately
preceeding, and siclike yearlie yraftir during his dressing, repairing, and
keeping right said knock;" and when he leaves, "Adam to leave ye sd knock
in good condition and usell goeing."  (Burgh Records.)

ROSYTH CASTLE. - An old note states that "parte of the roof of auld Rosyth
Castle fel in this yeare," 1698.  (See also Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. ii. p.

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Patrick Murray of Pitdinnes was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

REPAIRING THE KIRK. - "The Counsell bieng informed that the fabrick of the
Kirk, in the roof and otherways, was in ill case; and the Counsell
recommend a joint action with the heritors to have the necessary repairs
made."  (Burgh Records.)

ST. JOHN'S LODGE, DUNFERMLINE (No. 26). - The oldest Minute Book extant of
St. John's Mason Lodge, Dunfermline, begins with 27th December, 1698, and
ends with 27th December, 1728.  It is an unbound folio of 84 pages, and is
chiefly filled up with entries of masons' apprentices, sums received for
"entries to the Ludge," elections of deacons, wardens, &c.  The several
entries are generally dated on a St. John's day (27th December).  (See
Mason Lodge Register; also, An. Dunf. date 1598.)

BADGES FOR THE POOR. - "The counsell ordered the thesaurer to cause run 36
badges, to the effect they may be delivered to the poor within the burgh,
to ye effect the poor may beg through the toun upon tuesday and saturday
each week, and als ordains ye constables and officers to carry of ye
strangers, beggars forth out of the toun to next landward."  (Burgh
Records, 5th Feb. 1698; also, Annals Dunf. date 1792.)

1699. - GREAT DEARTH. - There was a great dearth throughout Scotland this
year.  "It was felt severely in Dunfermling and the parish."  The following
minute regarding the calamity is extracted from the Burgh Records of date
"15 July, 1699: This day the saids magistrates and toun counsellers
considering the Great dearth of victuall, and that many poor people within
the burgh who had had numerous families and others were at the point of
starving; They therfor ordered the thesaurer to give in charity to the
saids poor inhabitants fourty pounds scots, and ordained of the toun to
bring in lists of the poor householders who do not come out and beg to
them, and the baillies to divide ye sd sum among the said poor householders
as they should see just, and to give the thesaurer a list thereof."

LADY HALKET, widow of Sir James Halket of Pitfirrane, died 22nd April,
1699, aged 77 years.  The maiden name of this worthy, pious lady was Anna
Murray, daughter of Thomas Murray, Provost of Eton.  During her widowhood
of about 28 years she resided in the Commendatory House, Maygate,
Dunfermline.  She was a great writer on religious subjects.  The following
is a list of some of her 21 MS. books still extant:- 1. A book of 152 pp.
of Meditations Prayers, &c.; 2. A book in folio of 376 pp. Meditations on
the Lord's Supper, the Soul's Progress, &c.; 3. A small folio of 59 pp.
Medtations on the 25th Psalm; 4. A book in folio, 73 pp., Meditations on
Death; 5. A folio, 150 pp., Meditations on Prayer, Faith, &c.; 6. An 8vo,
35 pp., Meditations on various Select Subjects; 7. A 4to, 300 pp., on
Prayer, &c.; 8. A 4to, 315 pp., Meditations and Prayers, &c., on to No. 21
on kindred subjects.  Her Meditations on Psalm xxv., &c., was published in
1778, prefixed by an account of her life, which see for further details.

LAURATION. - "28 July: The said day the Counsell ordered the thesaurer to
pay to Thomas Andersone, son to John Andersone, a Dollar to help to pay the
College dues at his lauration." (Burgh Records.)

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir Patrick Murray of Pitdinnes was re-elected
Provost. (Burgh Records.)

STAFFMAN'S HOUSE MEAL. - "28 Oct. 1699: The said day ordained the thesaurer
to pay ye Staff-man's house meall at a ducat doun yearly, commencing from
Lambmass last."  (Burgh Records.)  The duty of the "Staffman" appears to
have been somewhat similar to that of the after town-keepers.

1700. - TOWN'S PIPER. - "15 Jan., 1700: The Said day the Counsell elected
John Bell to be their pyper."  (Burgh Records.)  This is an important,
noisy functionary.

DEPUTY COAL HILL JUDGE. - "27th May, 1700: The said day the counsell
granted power to patrick Angus, tacksman of the toun coall, to keep Courts
at the coall hill for punishing and fining the Coalliers, Bearers, callers,
and others employed about the Coall work, for their faults, reserving power
to the baillies to judge betwixt the tacksman and coalliers, if appealled
to."  (Burgh Records.)

BALDRIDGE ESTATE, near Dunfermline, was this year purchased by Henry
Wellwood, Esq. of Garvock.  Before the year 1720 he is reported to have
cleared 30,000 from the coal alone on the estate.  (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol.
ii. p. 315.)

DEARTH. - The great dearths, first felt in the burgh, in the summers of
1697-1699, was "littel felt in the summer of 1700," and before the end of
this year, "the dearth was at an end."

HAND BELL. - "30th Sept. 1699: This day the Counsell ordained Katharen
Gibsone to find new caution for the hand bell, with certification yt if she
fail so to doe betwixt and this eight days, the baillies are hereby
ordained to roup ye bell with all haste."  (Burgh Records.)

HALBARD. - "The same day the Counsell ordained baillie belfrage to pay
James Cusine fourty shillings Scots for a halbert furnished to Thomas
Patisone, town officer."

PROVOST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Sir James Halket of Pitfirrane was elected
Provost.  (Burgh Records, 8th Oct., 1700.)

THE ANCIENT FOREST OF DUNFERMLINE. - Tradition informs us that, "down to
the year 1700, a remnant of the old wood, or forest, of Dunfermline was in
existence in the neighbourhood of Golfdrum and Boofies Brae."  A local
rhymster of other days (D.P.), in referring to the remnant of the old wood,
says -

"In dayis of ould, i have been told,
that here it was ane's dailie habit
To shoot the craws doon af the trees,
or nail a wild bit hair or rabit."

As the last remnant of the old wood existed in the immediate vicinity of
the top of Woodhead Street, perhaps this name was given to the street in
remembrance of this old tradition.  It is likely that it was in this
high-land wood, or forest, that the immortal hero, Sir William Wallace,
concealed himself for a short space from his English enemies in 1303.  Vide
An. Dunf. p. 109, where, it will be observed that Langtoft says, in rhyme:-

"Turn we now other weyes unto ower geste,
And speke of the Waleys that lies in the foreste;
In the forest he-landes of Daunfermelyn," &c.

A NEW BURGH FAIR WANTED. - "2 Dec., 1700: Ordained this day that the
baillies write to Bangour (their agent) to petition the parliament for a
fair yeirly on the second Wednesday of Januar."  (Burgh Rec.)  James
Hamilton of Bangour was the Commissioner of Dunfermline to the Convention
of Royal Burgh.

STAFFMAN'S CLOTHING. - "24 Dec. 1700; Ordained this day that the thesaurer
buy a new coat, shoes, and hose and breeches, to the Staffman, and to make
them."  (Burgh Records.)  It would appear that the Treasurer was Deacon of
the Tailors.




beginning of the 18th Century, the Old Nave of the Abbey continued to be
used as a Parish Kirk (the only Kirk in the Parish).  For several years
there had been no legally ordained minister to conduct the worship.  Rev.
Hugh Kemp was ordained to the First Charge on May, 1701.  Population of the
Burgh estimated at 2000; of the Burgh and Parish, about 5000.  Sir James
Halket, Bart., of Pitfirrane, Provost.  "Much distress and poverty
prevailed," trade being excessively depressed.  The ale trade, however,
appears to have been doing a good business.  There were eight breweries in
the town, and "Dumfarlin yale" was in "high repute everywhere;" but, in
consequence of dull trade and "great scarcity of siller," not a few had to
bewail their inability to purchase a draught of it.  The following
now-nearly-forgotten lines appear to refer to this period:-

"As I sat near the Spittel croshead,
Dumfarlin I thocht on,
An' o' its guid broon ale ta sell,
But siller I had none!"

(Lines from an "Old Dunfermline Song.")

According to several notes there were at this period "a great many houses
in Dunfermline that had timber-built second and third storeys, with heather
and furze roofs."  "The timber storeys were reached by means of uncouth
stone stairs of every imaginable shape."  These stairs, on each side of the
street, "projected so far into the street, that they nearly met in some
places, leaving a narrow way in the middle of the street for the traffic.
Below these stairs there were bunks in which swine, fowls, and dogs were
kept.  At these stair-foots immense middens were piled up, which were most
offensive, especially in hot weather after a fall of rain.  These remarks
apply to all the streets in the town."  The High Street had only two
streets proceeding out of it to the north, viz., the "Collier Raw and the
Cross Wynd; and only one to the south, viz., the Kirkgate."  "The Tron Burn
ran down, uncovered, in front of the houses on the east side of the Collier
Raw (Bruce Street) and along the foot of the High Street, and a little way
down the Kirkgate, where it was led under a house, and re-appeared in the
Maygate."  Such was Dunfermline at the beginning of the 18th century.
(From old MS. Notes.)

MASON LODGE. - Gift of a Brass Square. - In the Masons' Register of date
January 8, 1701, an entry notifies that "James Somerville did Gift to ye
Ludge ane brass square for the use of ye Ludge, for which gift ye Quorum
(of Masons present) quits his sons enterie money being Six Ponds, and
ordains ye Deacon to be dischared yrof."

COSTUMES, &C. - At this period, "the men in this quarter (West of Fife)
wore bonnets and plaids instead of cloaks.  The women wore plaids when
abroad or at church; those of them of the humbler class generally went
about barefooted."  Meals - "Oaten cakes and bannocks, toasted on an iron
girdle above the fire, or on an iron toaster before it, were the principal
sort of bread in use; baker's bread was but scantily used."  ("A Warril.
Trav." and other works.)

POVERTY OF THE BURGH. - About the beginning of the year (1701), the funds
of the Burgh were so very inconsiderable that the magistrates and Council
applied for pecuniary aid to the Convention of Royal Burghs.  The petition
for aid is prefixed by a short but sad statement regarding the position the
Burgh was then in, viz., "The common good of the Burgh at the highest
amounted to about 993 Scots (82 15s. sterg.) per annum, besides the local
rent;" that there was little or no trade, except a little malting; that the
houses were so ruinous and decayed, and, those of them that did stand, so
ill-possessed, that the inhabitants when racked to the highest were unable
to pay 300 Scots of assessment a-year (25 sterling); that the common
good, assessment of all (except the coal), amounted only to 1293 (107
15s. sterling); that as to their coal they were frequently put to as much
expense by it as they had profit, and that although their coal-rent came in
free, they would be superexpended in above 700 or 800 merks (about 43
sterling), which already had, and daily did, increase their debt.
(Representation and Petition in Dunf. Charter Chest; Fernie's Hist. Dunf.
pp. 11,12, and 135, &c.)

THE MARKET-CROSS in need of Repairs. - "22 March, 1701: This day the
Counsell approved of Thomas Mitchell, theasurer, his paying four pounds to
James Mercer, for helping the croce."  (Burgh Records.)

DUNFERMLINE CHURCH was vacant from 1695 to 1701.  (Presb. Records.)

MR. HUGH KEMP translated from Forgan, 1st May, 1701, to the First Charge of
Dunfermline Church. (Chalmers's Hist Dunf. vol. p. 416.)

THE REV. MR. GRAME'S FINAL DEPOSAL. - The Rev. Mr. Grame, Minsiter
(Episcopalian) of the First Charge of the Kirk of Dunfermline, was deposed
in 1696; but in consequence of the anomalous state of things at this
period, had been allowed to officiate till June, 1701, when he was finally
deposed.  He was deposed for contempt of the authority of the Synod, and
for his "contemptuous carriage in preaching," &c.  He was also accused
before the Synod for not taking any notice of the Quakers in the parish of
Dunfermline!  (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 424, 425.)

MEETING-HOUSE. - It would seem that from 1701 to 1705 the Presbyterian
Congregation met for worship one half of the Sabbath in the Parish Church,
and the Episcopalians in a meeting-house, the latter body claiming and
occupying the church on the other diet.  Mr. Kemp and Mr. Graham would thus
preach alternately forenoon and afternoon.  (Chal. Hist. dunf. vol. i. p.
427.)  Where was this meetin-house situated? - In the Queen's House,
adjacent to the Kirk on the west, or in the large room of the Marquis of
Tweeddale's House, foot of Kirkgate, west side?

PITTENCRIEFF ESTATE. - Colonel John Forbes was proprietor of Pittencrieff
this year.  (Old Charter-Writ.)

A NEW FAIR, granted by Act of Parliament, to be held yearly in Dunfermline,
on the second Wednesday of January.  (Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 475.)

THE DRUMMER AND THE PIPER'S DUTIES. - "13th Augt., 1701.  The said day the
Counsell statute and ordained that in all time coming after the day heirof,
the pyper go throu the toun precisely by six at night, and the drum at
seven a cloak; thereafter that the bell ring at eight and ten at night,
both summer and winter; and that the drum go by four in the morning, yt the
bell ring at five a cloak, and ye pyper do againe at six, and ordained this
form to be observed punctually in all time coming."  (Burgh Records.)

A DEAD MAN FOUND IN THE MUIR. - Seven Pints of Ale given for bringing him
to Dunfermline. - "7th August.  The said day the counsell approved the
baillies ordering the thesaurer to give seven pints of ale to some persons
for bringing in a man who died in the town muir."  (Burgh Rec.)

THE LAST SPECIMEN OF A DISTRICT WITCH. - According to the Torryburn Parish
Records of 1701, Lilias Adie, the witch, died in Dunfermline prison, and
was thrown into a hole dug for her near high water mark at Torryburn.  Some
of her remains were discovered in 1862.  The late Joseph Paton, Esq.,
Wooer's Alley, had her skull in his collection of curiosities.

1702. - WEAVING. - Early in the year 1702, a weaver of the name of Inglis
wove a shirt in the loom.  It was made of unbleached coarse linen yarn, and
is now in a very dilpidated state.  Some artist, "unknown to fame," has
made some rude paintings on it, apparently appropriate to the trade, which
has spoiled it very much.  This ingenious specimen of weaving now is, and
has been for some years past, in the possession of the writer.  (See An.
Dunf. dates 1808, 1813, &c., also Chal. Hist. Dunf. vol. i. p. 379.)

THE QUEEN'S PROCLAMATION - Perquisites to Officials. - "21 March, 1702: The
said day the Counsell ordained David Wilson to give to the officers, pyper,
and drummer, unto each of them a shilling sterling for their attendance at
the queen's proclamation."  (Burgh Records.)  This proclamation refers to
that of Anne, daughter of James II., who ascended the throne on 8th March,
1702, on the demise of William III.